Vocabulary for TOEFL – The War on Drugs

Vocabulary for TOEFL – The War on Drugs

Vocabulary

addictive —  misconception — cartel — modify — concentrated — potent — interdict — residual — juxtapose — Subtly

addictive

  • Definisi: addictive adj. Making someone want it so much that the person feels ill without it (Parts of speech: addict v, addict n, addiction n)
  • Contoh: Some drugs, like heroin or methamphetamines, are addictive to al-most everyone who tries them.

cartel

  • Definisi: cartel n.   A small group controlling a certain area of business
  • Contoh:  The world’s major oil producers formed a cartel to control the price and supply of petroleum.

concentrated

  • Definisi: concentrated adj.   Strong because large amounts are in a certain space (Parts of speech: concentrate v, concentration n, concentrate n)
  • Contoh: Concentrated lemon juice is very sour, so I mix it with water when I make lemonade.

interdict

  • Definisi: interdict v.   To keep something from reaching a certain place (Parts of speech: interdiction n)
  • Contoh: With faster patrol boats, the Coast Guard can more easily interdict drugs being smuggled by sea.

juxtapose

  • Definisi: juxtapose v.   Place next to one another (Parts of speech: juxtaposition n)
  • Contoh: If you juxtapose these two similar flowers, you can see clear differ-ences between them.

misconception

  • Definisi: misconception n.   A mistaken belief
  • Contoh: A common misconception about rabbits is that they are a kind of rodent.

modify

  • Definisi: modify v.   Make small changes in order to get a certain result (Parts of speech: modification n, modifier n)
  • Contoh: People who live in high mountains often modify their car engines to run well in the thinner air.

potent

  • Definisi: potent adj.   Powerful (Parts of speech: potency n)
  • Contoh: A very potent type of marijuana with surprisingly strong effects be-came available in Burrytown.

residual

  • residual adj.   Left behind after most of a thing has gone  (Parts of speech: residue n)
  • Contoh: In the airplane, agents found residual traces of heroin.
  • Tips:  Residual is often followed by trace, amount, or some other word referring to “quantity.”
  • subtly
  • Definisi: subtly adv.   In a quiet, hard-to-notice way (Parts of speech: subtlety n, subtle adj)
  • Contoh: By subtly changing the soft drink’s formula, we improved its taste and made production cheaper.

Latihan Persiapan TOEFL 1: Find the word or phrase that is closest in meaning to each word in the left-hand column. Write the letter in the blank.

  • ……1. cartel ——(a) Stop
  • ……2. interdict——(b) Remaining
  • ……3. juxtaposed——(c) next to
  • ……4. residual——(d) without drawing attention
  • ……5. subtle—— (e) a kind of group

Latihan Persiapan TOEFL 2: Circle the word that best completes each sentence.

  • 1.With a (subtle / residual) nod of his head, the inspector signaled his agents.
  • 2.Sunlight is a (concentrated / potent) source of energy for electricity generation, but it can be expensive to collect and store.
  • 3.Things other than drugs can be (addictive / subtle), such as gambling or even television.
  • 4.A security official tries to (modify / interdict) foreign terrorists before they can enter the country.
  • 5.Your advertisement created the (misconception / cartel) that every-thing was on sale for 50 percent off.

Latihan Persiapan TOEFL 3: Read the passage to review the vocabulary you have learned. Answer the questions that follow.

Illegal addictive drugs, like heroin or cocaine, come from plants grown and harvested mostly by poor farmers.Their small farmhouses juxtaposed with the mansions of billionaire drug lords illustrate the unequal payouts to various players in the drug trade.The farmers sell their product cheaply to a drug-distribution cartel that is owned by the drug lords. People working for the cartel then refine the drugs into a concentrated form, or even modify them chemically to make them more potent and therefore more valuable. Other cartel members then transport the drugs to distributors for sale, smuggling them over huge distances, including international borders. Governments try to interdict smugglers, using both new technology and old (like sniffer dogs) to find residual traces of drugs. Their occasional successes have led to a popular misconception that antidrug campaigns are close to stopping the flow of illegal drugs. On the contrary, as long as drug lords can make vast fortunes in their illegal trade, smugglers will come up with ever-more-subtle ways of concealing their goods, and the War on Drugs goes on.

1. Who makes the most money from the drug trade?

  • a.rural farmers
  • b.people who refine drugs
  • c.drug lords
  • d.antidrug officers

Schematic table: Write the letter of each phrase in either column A or column B, based on which one it relates to according to the reading.

A.Drug producers and dealers

B.Antidrug forces

a. subtle ways of hiding drugs— b. sniffer dogs — c. high-tech detection  — d. concentrate drugs to make them potent — e. pay farmers to grow plants that yield drugs

Key: Latihan Persiapan TOEFL 1: 1.e, 2.a, 3.c, 4.b, 5.d   Latihan Persiapan TOEFL 2: 1.subtle, 2.potent, 3.addictive, 4.interdict, 5.misconception    Latihan Persiapan TOEFL 3: Colomn A; a, d, e  Column B; b, c

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