Using Too and Enough

Using Too and Enough

Penggunaan Too and Enough

  • Too and enough indicate degree.
  • They are used with adjectives.
  • Too means more than what is needed.
  • Enough means sufficient.

Examples

  • He is too old to play football with the kids.
  • Dave is intelligent enough to do the write thing.
  • You’re not working fast enough
  • I don’t have enough time.
  • He has too many friends.
  • She has got too much patience

Use of too and enough

Enough precedes adjectives and adverbs:

  • He isn’t old enough to watch this
  • program. We’re not walking quickly enough.

Enough may also precede nouns:

  • We have enough money.
  • I have not got enough money to buy this compute

Too comes before adjectives and adverbs:

  • It’s too hot to wear that coat.
  • I was driving too fast.

Too may also come before nouns when it is used with the expressions too much and too many.

Too much is used before uncountable nouns.

  • There is too much salt in this food.
  • Too many is used before countable nouns
  • There are too many students in this classroom.

Enough’ can qualify an adjective or an adverb or it can go with a noun or even act as a pronoun.
With adjectives and adverbs

  • She isn’t tall enough to be a ballet dancer.
  • I’m afraid your work just isn’t good enough.
  • I couldn’t write quickly enough and I ran out of time.
  • I haven’t been to lessons often enough to have really learnt much.

Enough comes after adjectives and adverbs.
With nouns

  • There isn’t enough bread to make sandwiches.
  • Have you got enough money?
  • There aren’t enough nails.

Enough comes before nouns.
Enough of

  • There isn’t enough of bread

We don’t use enough of unless there is a determiner (an article, this/that, my/your/his etc).
We use enough of when there is a determiner.

  • I’ve had enough of your nonsense! ‘Your’ is a determiner here.
  • I haven’t seen enough of the film to really form an opinion.

Enough can also be used without a noun.

  • That’s enough! Be quiet!
  • Enough is enough.

With adjective and noun
When ‘enough’ is used with an adjective and a noun, two positions are possible but the meaning changes. Look at these two sentences.

  • We haven’t got big enough nails. None of the nails are as big as we need.
  • We haven’t got enough big nails. We have some big nails but we need more.

When enough comes between the adjective and the noun (big enough nails) it qualifies the adjective – it tells us that the nails aren’t big enough. When enough comes before the adjective it qualifies the noun phrase – it tells us that there aren’t enough nails.

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