Reading for TOEFL – Edward Patrick Eagan

Reading for TOEFL – Edward Patrick Eagan

Questions 1 – 10 refer to the following passage.

Edward Patrick Eagan was born April 26, 1897, in Denver, Colorado, and his father died in a railroad accident when Eagan was only a year old. He and his four brothers were raised by his mother, who earned a small income from teach-ing foreign languages.

Inspired by Frank Merriwell, the hero of a series of popular novels for boys, Eagan pursued an education for himself as well as an interest in boxing. He attended the University of Denver for a year before serving in the U.S. Army as an artillery lieutenant during World War I. After the war, he entered Yale Univer-sity and, while studying there, won the U.S. national amateur heavyweight box-ing title. He graduated from Yale in 1921, attended Harvard Law School, and received a Rhodes scholarship to the University of Oxford where he received his A.M. in 1928.

While studying at Oxford, Eagan be-came the first American to win the British amateur boxing championship. Eagan won his first Olympic gold medal as a light heavyweight boxer at the 1920 Olympic Games in Antwerp, Belgium. Eagan also fought at the 1924 Olympics in Paris as a heavyweight but failed to get a medal. Though he had taken up the sport just three weeks before the compe-tition, he managed to win a second gold medal as a member of the four-man bobsled team at the 1932 Olympics in Lake Placid, New York. Thus he became the only athlete to win gold medals at both the Summer and Winter Olympics.

Eagan was a member of the first group of athletes inducted into the U.S. Olym-pic Hall of Fame in 1983. Eagan became a respected attorney, serving as an as-sistant district attorney for southern New York and as chairman of the New York State Athletic Commission (1945– 51). He married soap heiress Margaret Colgate and attained the rank of lieu-tenant colonel during World War II.

1. What is the main idea of the passage?

  • A. Eagan’s life shows how a wealthy stu-dent can achieve as much as a poor one.
  • B. Eagan’s life shows that military expe-rience makes athletes great.
  • C. Eagan’s life shows that a man can be an athlete and a well-educated person.
  • D. Eagan’s life shows how easy it is to win two gold medals in different Olym-pic sports.

2. According to the passage, who was Frank Merriwell?

  • A. A teacher at Yale
  • B. A fictional character
  • C. A student at Oxford
  • D. A bobsledder at the Olympics

3. According to the passage, how did Eagan’s mother earn a living?

  • A. Renting rooms to immigrants
  • B. Teaching foreign languages
  • C. Doing laundry and cleaning
  • D. Writing fiction for women’s magazines

4. Which of the following is the closest in meaning to the word “artillery” as used in line 14?

  • A. Large weapons such as cannons
  • B. Small weapons such as pistols
  • C. Shoulder weapons such as rifles
  • D. Tension weapons such as crossbows

5. According to the passage, Eagan won all of the following EXCEPT:

  • A. Light heavyweight boxing, Olympic gold medal
  • B. U.S. national amateur heavyweight boxing title
  • C. British amateur boxing championship
  • D. Heavyweight boxing, Olympic gold medal

6. According to the passage, where were the 1920 Olympic Games held?

  • A. Antwerp, Belgium
  • B. Paris, France
  • C. London, England
  • D. Lake Placid, New York

7. Where can the following sentence best be added to the passage?

He continued to be active in amateur athletics for the rest of the decade.

  • A. At the end of paragraph 1
  • B. After the word “boxing” in paragraph 2
  • C. After the phrase “get a medal” in paragraph 3
  • D. At the end of paragraph 4

8. Which word or phrase does the word “com-petition” as used in lines 32–33 refer to?

  • A. Sport
  • B. Gold medals
  • C. 1932 Olympics
  • D. Summer Olympics

9. According to the passage, what was Eagan’s profession?

  • A. He was a boxing trainer.
  • B. He was an attorney.
  • C. He was an army officer.
  • D. He was president of Colgate.

10. According to the passage, what special honor did Eagan receive in 1983?

  • A. He was inducted into U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame.
  • B. He was promoted to lieutenant colo-nel in the U.S. Army.
  • C. He received a gold medal in four-man bobsledding.
  • D. He was appointed assistant district attorney for Southern New York

Kunci Jawaban

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