Reading for TOEFL – Folio

Reading for TOEFL – Folio

Questions 1 – 10 refer to the following passage

The first folio edition of the collected works of William Shakespeare was origi-nally published in 1623 as Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories &Tragedies. This folio edition is the major source for contemporary texts of his plays.

The publication of drama in the early seventeenth century was usually left to the poorer members of the Stationers’ Company and to outright pirates. The would-be publisher only had to get hold of a manuscript, legally or illegally, reg-ister it as his copy, and have it printed.

Sometimes the publisher dispensed with the formality. Such a man was Thomas Thorpe, the publisher of Shakespeare’s sonnets in 1609.

Titus Andronicus was the first play by Shakespeare to be published and was printed by a notorious literary pirate, John Danter, who also brought out, anonymously, a defective Romeo and Juliet, largely from shorthand notes made during performance. Eighteen of Shakespeare’s plays were printed in quartos (books about half the size of a modern magazine) both “good” and “bad” before the First Folio (a large-format book) was published in 1623. The bad quartos are defective editions, usually with badly garbled or missing text.

For the First Folio, a formidable project of more than 900 pages, five men formed a partnership, headed by Edward Blount and William Jaggard. The actors John Heminge and Henry Condell undertook the collection of 36 of Shakespeare’s plays, and about 1,000 copies of the First Folio were printed by Isaac Jaggard, William’s son. In 1632, a second folio was issued and in 1663, a third. The latter included Pericles and several other plays that may not have been written by Shakespeare. These included The Two Noble Kinsmen, which is now thought to have been a collaboration of Shakespeare and John Fletcher.

1. From the passage it can be inferred that the First Folio of Shakespeare’s plays is important because it

  • A. was registered at the Stationer’s Of-fice by Thomas Thorpe
  • B. is the major source for contemporary texts of Shakespeare’s plays
  • C. is twice the size of the quarto edi-tions that were badly printed by many publishers
  • D. was published three years after the establishment of the Plymouth Colony

2. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word “outright” as used in line 11?

  • A. Unfairly judged as something
  • B. Proved to be something without question
  • C. Imprisoned without a trial
  • D. Opposing the rights of an enemy

3. The passage implies that many publishers

  • A. were unsuccessful authors themselves
  • B. printed the work of only the best writers.
  • C. used an author’s work without per-mission
  • D. paid the author very well for his writing

4. Which of the following is closest in mean-ing to the phrase “dispensed with” as used in line 15?

  • A. Gave away to customers
  • B. Managed without something
  • C. Wrote a denial to an accusation
  • D. Compensated another’s loss

5. According to the passage, when were Shakespeare’s sonnets published?

  • A. 1609
  • B. 1610
  • C. 1611
  • D. 1612

6. Which word is closest in meaning to the phrase “brought out” as used in line 22?

  • A. Published
  • B. Printed
  • C. Performed
  • D. Defect

7. According to the passage, how many of Shakespeare’s plays were printed in quartos?

  • A. 17
  • B. 18
  • C. 19
  • D. 20

8. The passage implies that John Danter acquired the text of Romeo and Juliet by

  • A. paying an actor for a copy of the script
  • B. buying the copyright from Shakespeare
  • C. taking notes during a performance
  • D. hiring an actor to recite the lines to him

9. According to the passage, all of the follow-ing were involved in the publishing of the First Folio EXCEPT:

  • A. Edward Blount
  • B. Henry Condell
  • C. William Jaggard
  • D. John Danter

10. Where can the following sentence best be added to the passage?

They sold quickly to a public anxious to have accurate copies of the master dramatist’s plays.

  • A. At the end of paragraph 1
  • B. After the word “formality” in para-graph 2
  • C. After the word “performance” in para-graph 3
  • D. After the phrase “William’s son” in paragraph 4

Kunci Jawaban

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