A narrative tells a story. It is mainly used to entertain. The narratiev consists of several parts:
- Orientation. This part introduces characters and/or sets the scene (when/where)
- Complication (s). In this part, the main character is faced to a problem.
- Resolution (s). This part tells how the problem is resolved, for better or worse.
An example of a narrative:
The Ant and the Dove
Orientation — introduce the characters and sets the scene
One hot day, an ant was searching for some water. After walking around for some time, she come to a spring.
Complication (1) — the main character is faced to a problem
To reach the spring she had to climb up a blade of grass. While making her way up, she slipped and fell into the water.
Resolution (1) — tells how the problem is resolved
She could drowned if a dove up a nearby tre had not helped her. Seeing that that ant was in touble, the dove quickly plucked a leaf and dropped it into the water near the struggling ant. The ant moved towards the leaf and climbed up there. Soon, it carried her safely to dry ground.
Complicatin (2) — the main character is faced to a problem
Just as that time, a hunter nearby was throwing out his net towards the dove, hoping to trap it.
Resolution (2) — tells how the problem is resolved
Guessing what he was about to do, the ant quickly bit him on the heel. Feeling the pain, the hunter dropped his net. Quickly, the dove flied away to safety.
A narrative mainly used past tense. However, present tense can also be used within dialog. Language feature in a narrative:
- use of noun (e.g: steppsisters, hosework,etc)
- use of adjectives to form noun phrases (e.g: long back hair, two red apples, etc)
- use of time connectives to order the events. (e.g: then, before that, soon, etc)
- use of adverbs and adverbial phrases (e.g: here, in the mountain, happily ever after, etc)
- use of action verbs in past tense (e.g: stayed, climbeb, etc)
- Use of thinking verbs in past tense (e.g: thought, understood, felt, etc)