Reading for TOEFL – Platypus

Reading for TOEFL – Platypus

The platypus (Ornithorhyncus anatinus) is a semiaquatic mammal endemic to eastern Australia, including Tasmania. Together with the four species of echidna, it is one of the five extant species of monotremes, the only mammals that lay eggs instead of giving birth. It is the sole living representative of its family (Ornithorhynchidea), and ganus (Ornithorhynchus), though a number of related species have been found in the fossil record.

The unusual appearance of this egg-laying, duck-billed, beaver-tailed, otter-footed mammal baffled European naturalists when they first encountered it, with some considering it an elaborate fraud. It is one of the few venomous mammals, the male platypus having a spur on the hind foot that delivers venom capable of causing severe pain to humans. The unique features of the platypus make it an important subject in the study of evolutionary biology and a recognizable and iconic symbol of Australia; it has appeared as a mascot at national events and is featured on the reverse of its 20-cent coin. The platypus is the  animal emblem of the state of New South Wales.

Until the early 2oth century, it was hunted for its fur, but it is now protected throughout its range. Although captive breeding programs have had only limited success and the platypus is vulnerable to the effects of pollution, it is not under any immediate threat.

1. The topic of this passage is

  • (A) the general information of platypus
  • (B) the features of platypus
  • (C) the unusual appearance of platypus
  • (D) the platypus is this world

2. It can be inferred from the passage that

  • (A) the platypus is not a mammal
  • (B) the platypus does not lay aggs
  • (C) the platypus can be dangerous for human being
  • (D) the platypus does rarely lives in Australia

3. The possessive its refers to

  • (A) platypus
  • (B) species
  • (C) mammal
  • (D) representative

4. It can be inferred from the passage that

  • (A) the platypus gives birth
  • (B) the platypus is not famous in Australia
  • (C) the platypus is not hunted for its fur today
  • (D) there are still many platypus living in Australia

5. The word ‘features’ is closest in meaning to

  • (A) descriptions
  • (B) characteristics
  • (C) explanations
  • (D) characters

6. According to the passage, what is NOT the unusual appearance of the platypus?

  • (A) egg-laying
  • (B) duck-billed
  • (C) small-tailed
  • (D) otter-footed

7. The word ’emblem’ is closest in meaning to

  • (A) picture
  • (B) drawing
  • (C) meaning
  • (D) symbol

8. The passage states that

  • (A) the female platypus can produce venom
  • (B) the male platypus can produce venom
  • (C) all platypus can produce venom
  • (D) all platypus are poisonous

9. The passage states that the platypus does not

  • (A) Live in Tasmania
  • (B) Give birth
  • (C) Have poison
  • (D) Have flat tails

10. The word ‘immediate’  is the closest in meaning to

  • (A) direct
  • (B) sudden
  • (C) fast
  • (D) quick

Sumber: Trik Smart Kerjakan Soal TPA Pasca Sarjana. Pustaka Widiya. Yogyakarta. 2014

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