A bag contains 6 red apples and 5 yellow apples. 3 apples are selected at random. Find the probability of selecting 1 red apple and 2 yellow

Question

A bag contains 6 red apples and 5 yellow apples. 3 apples are selected at random. Find the probability of selecting 1 red apple and 2 yellow apples.

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Alice 2 weeks 2021-09-09T11:29:09+00:00 1 Answer 0

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    2021-09-09T11:30:53+00:00

    Answer:  The required probability of selecting 1 red apple and 2 yellow apples is 36.36%.

    Step-by-step explanation:  We are given that a bag contains 6 red apples and 5 yellow apples out of which 3 apples are selected at random.

    We are to find the probability of selecting 1 red apple and 2 yellow apples.

    Let S denote the sample space for selecting 3 apples from the bag and let A denote the event of selecting 1 red apple and 2 yellow apples.

    Then, we have

    n(S)=^{6+5}C_3=^{11}C_3=\dfrac{11!}{3!(11-3)!}=\dfrac{11\times10\times9\times8!}{3\times2\times1\times8!}=165,\\\\\\n(A)\\\\\\=^6C_1\times^5C_2\\\\\\=\dfrac{6!}{1!(6-1)!}\times\dfrac{5!}{2!(5-2)!}\\\\\\=\dfrac{6\times5!}{1\times5!}\times\dfrac{5\times4\times3!}{2\times1\times3!}\\\\\\=6\times5\times2\\\\=60.

    Therefore, the probability of event A is given by

    P(A)=\dfrac{n(A)}{n(S)}=\dfrac{60}{165}=\dfrac{4}{11}\times100\%=36.36\%.

    Thus, the required probability of selecting 1 red apple and 2 yellow apples is 36.36%.

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