A furniture manufacturer sells three types of products: chairs, tables, and beds. Chairs constitute 35% of the company’s sales, tables const

Question

A furniture manufacturer sells three types of products: chairs, tables, and beds. Chairs constitute 35% of the company’s sales, tables constitute 55% of the sales, and beds constitute the rest. Of the company’s chairs, 5% are defective and have to be returned to the shop for minor repairs, whereas the percentage of such defective items for tables and beds are 12% and 8% respectively. A quality control manager just inspected an item and the item was not defective. What is the probability that this item was a table? Round your result to 2 significant places after the decimal (For example, 0.86732 should be entered as 0.87).

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Lydia 2 days 2021-10-13T02:11:19+00:00 1 Answer 0

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    2021-10-13T02:12:44+00:00

    Answer:

    53.27

    Step-by-step explanation:

    To begin, we want to figure out what percent of products are defective and non defective, and of which type, so we can figure out probabilities. So, we start with that 5% of chairs are defective. We know that 35% of product sales are chairs, so 5% of 35% is 35%*0.05 (a percent can be divided by 100 to convert to decimals)= 1.75%. For tables, 12% of 55 is 55*0.12=6.6 percent. For beds, we first must figure out what percent of sales are beds. For this, we must take our total (100%) and subtract everything that is not beds, which is tables and chairs. This, 100-35-55=10, which is our percent of beds. Then, 8% of that is 0.8%. So, we know that the probability that an item is defective is 0.8+6.6+1.75=9.15%. The item pulled was not defective, so we want to figure out the probability of that, which would be the total-defective=100-9.15=90.85%. We then need to figure out which of that 90.85 is divided by tables, as we want to figure out what the probability of a table is. We know that 12% of tables are defective, so 100-12=88% are not. 88% of 55% is 55*0.88=48.4, so there is a 48.4% chance that if you picked out anything, it would be a non defective table. However, we are only picking things out from nondefective items, or the 90.85%. We know that 48.4 is 48.4% of 100, but we want to figure out what percent 48.4 is of 90.85. To find this, we do (48.4/90.85) * 100, which is 53.27 rounded. Feel free to ask further questions!

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