## A group of GSU students in the Young Democrats Club wish to determine the likeability of their favorite candidate. They survey 2322 randomly

A group of GSU students in the Young Democrats Club wish to determine the likeability of their favorite candidate. They survey 2322 randomly selected registered voters and ask them to rate their candidate (on a “thermometer” from 0 to 100, where 0 means “very cold”and 100 means “very warm”feelings).Suppose the sample of n=2322 responses have a mean warmth of 64.16 with a sample standard deviation of s=26.34.Find the 95% confidence interval to estimate the population/national mean warmth rating for their candidate.A) Note: The critical value, tc, that we use to calculate the margin of error for a 95% Confidence Interval is tc = ____ (round to 4 decimal places)B) The margin of error for this confidence interval is: m = ____ (round to 4 decimal places)C) The 95% Confidence Interval for the likeability of their candidate is: (____ , ____) round each to 2 decimal places

## Answers ( )

Answer:a)

b)

c) The 95% confidence interval is given by (63.09;65.23)

Step-by-step explanation:1) Notation and definitionsn=2322 represent the sample size

represent the sample mean

represent the sample standard deviation

m represent the margin of error

A

confidence intervalis “a range of values that’s likely to include a population value with a certain degree of confidence. It is often expressed a % whereby a population means lies between an upper and lower interval”.The

margin of erroris the range of values below and above the sample statistic in a confidence interval.Normal distribution, is a “probability distribution that is symmetric about the mean, showing that data near the mean are more frequent in occurrence than data far from the mean”.2) Calculate the critical value tcIn order to find the critical value is impornta to mention that we don’t know about the population standard deviation, so on this case we need to use the t distribution. Since our interval is at 95% of confidence, our significance level would be given by and . The degrees of freedom are given by:

We can find the critical values in excel using the following formulas:

“=T.INV(0.025,2321)” for

“=T.INV(1-0.025,2321)” for

The critical value

3) Calculate the margin of error (m)The margin of error for the sample mean is given by this formula:

4) Calculate the confidence intervalThe interval for the mean is given by this formula:

And calculating the limits we got:

The 95% confidence interval is given by (63.09;65.23)