Let R = [ 0 , 1 ] × [ 0 , 1 ] R=[0,1]×[0,1]. Find the volume of the region above R R and below the plane which passes through the three poin

Question

Let R = [ 0 , 1 ] × [ 0 , 1 ] R=[0,1]×[0,1]. Find the volume of the region above R R and below the plane which passes through the three points ( 0 , 0 , 1 ) (0,0,1), ( 1 , 0 , 8 ) (1,0,8) and ( 0 , 1 , 9

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Alexandra 2 weeks 2021-09-13T13:57:54+00:00 1 Answer 0

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    2021-09-13T13:59:48+00:00

    The three vectors \langle0,0,1\rangle, \langle1,0,8\rangle, and \langle0,1,9\rangle each terminate on the plane. We can get two vectors that lie on the plane itself (or rather, point in the same direction as vectors that do lie on the plane) by taking the vector difference of any two of these. For instance,

    \langle1,0,8\rangle-\langle0,0,1\rangle=\langle1,0,7\rangle

    \langle0,1,9\rangle-\langle0,0,1\rangle=\langle0,1,8\rangle

    Then the cross product of these two results is normal to the plane:

    \langle1,0,7\rangle\times\langle0,1,8\rangle=\langle-7,-8,1\rangle

    Let (x,y,z) be a point on the plane. Then the vector connecting (x,y,z) to a known point on the plane, say (0, 0, 1), is orthogonal to the normal vector above, so that

    \langle-7,-8,1\rangle\cdot(\langle x,y,z\rangle-\langle0,0,1\rangle)=0

    which reduces to the equation of the plane,

    -7x-8y+z-1=0\implies z=7x+8y+1

    Let z=f(x,y). Then the volume of the region above R and below the plane is

    \displaystyle\int_0^1\int_0^1(7x+8y+1)\,\mathrm dx\,\mathrm dy=\boxed{\frac{17}2}

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